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Travel & transport from BBC stories as at 19:35 11 Dec 2023
- Smile Direct Club customers 'gutted' and 'left in lurch'
- Rare solar storms could cause rail network chaos, scientists warn
* Alicia Keys' surprise performance for London commuters
- Train ticket websites warned over drip pricing
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 14/12/23 - Estimates of station usage: Ap
24/12/23 - Paddington closed
25/12/23 - No GWR trains
26/12/23 - No GWR trains (why not?)

No 'On This Day' events reported for 11th Dec

Train RunningCancelled
17:59 Cheltenham Spa to London Paddington
18:54 Reading to Gatwick Airport
19:06 London Paddington to Bedwyn
19:30 London Paddington to Weston-Super-Mare
19:33 London Paddington to Worcester Shrub Hill
19:50 Worcester Foregate Street to Bristol Temple Meads
20:01 Severn Beach to Bristol Temple Meads
20:13 Swindon to Westbury
20:28 Paignton to Exmouth
20:29 Gatwick Airport to Reading
20:42 Bedwyn to London Paddington
21:34 Reading to Gatwick Airport
21:56 Exmouth to Exeter St Davids
21:59 Cardiff Central to Bristol Temple Meads
22:26 Reading to Basingstoke
22:46 Bristol Temple Meads to Gloucester
22:58 Basingstoke to Reading
23:22 Gatwick Airport to Reading
23:34 Reading to Basingstoke
12/12/23 00:05 Basingstoke to Reading
12/12/23 18:50 Paignton to Exeter St Davids
Short Run
17:10 Gloucester to Weymouth
17:50 Gloucester to Salisbury
17:59 Cardiff Central to Penzance
18:29 Gatwick Airport to Reading
18:59 Cardiff Central to Penzance
18:59 Cheltenham Spa to London Paddington
19:15 Penzance to Bristol Temple Meads
20:06 Westbury to Cheltenham Spa
20:11 Salisbury to Bristol Temple Meads
20:24 Portsmouth Harbour to Cardiff Central
12/12/23 14:36 London Paddington to Paignton
12/12/23 14:57 Exmouth to Paignton
12/12/23 15:23 Exmouth to Paignton
12/12/23 15:55 Exmouth to Paignton
12/12/23 16:16 Paignton to Exmouth
12/12/23 16:23 Exmouth to Paignton
12/12/23 16:40 Paignton to Exmouth
12/12/23 16:57 Exmouth to Paignton
12/12/23 17:19 Paignton to Exmouth
12/12/23 17:40 Paignton to Exmouth
12/12/23 18:18 Paignton to Exmouth
12/12/23 19:04 Paignton to London Paddington
17:30 London Paddington to Taunton
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Author Topic: Taunton  (Read 3895 times)
Transport Scholar
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« Reply #15 on: January 02, 2022, 06:00:49 pm »

It is nearly 15 years since I first read all that as part of the update that was eventually introduced in the 2010 edition of the Building Regualtions

The other important change was the addition of a new requirement

(2) A hot water system, including any cistern or other vessel
that supplies water to or receives expansion water from a hot
water system, shall be designed, constructed and installed so as
to resist the effects of temperature and pressure that may occur
either in normal use or in the event of such malfunctions as may
reasonably be anticipated, and must be adequately supported.

Interestingly one of the comments early on in the work was that this requirement had to remain as G3 as it was so well known a requirement so we juggled the other new requirements round that fixed point so the old requirements G1 & G2 became G4 & G5!  The new requirements G1 and G2 introduced the requirement to actually have cold and hot running water for the first time!
Red Squirrel
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« Reply #16 on: January 02, 2022, 07:43:02 pm »

Best to treat these things with respect…

Things take longer to happen than you think they will, and then they happen faster than you thought they could.
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« Reply #17 on: January 03, 2022, 11:36:28 pm »

I was left with a few questions after all that. I didn't look online for sources before, but what is out there now? What did HSE (Health and Safety Executive) actually say (and why them)? And what is the technical background to how we got here?

Google can still find press reports of both those fatal incidents: Mrs. Sharon Minster (30) in Penwith 29/30 May 2002, and Rhianna Hardie (10 months) in Taunton 18/19 November 2006. These came from national news media, not the local ones that would have more detailed early reports - maybe they were not on line yet? Or don't keep old pages? There are also forums that dealt with the subject, one being on the IET (Intercity Express Train) site. All of those are largely taken up with missing the point, of course!

A number of pages include links to the HSE guidance note, which at don't work; however it is still there, just moved. I still can't find any real explanation of why it's HSE's business - they do have a couple of other notes for local authorities about heating systems, but only that few. None is about gas heating, for which HSE do have some kind of residual government regulator role. This letter covers the two notes about older hot water systems:

The second note is about the explosion risk of bringing an open fire back into use with an old back boiler. It will almost always have been drained, and should never have been sealed but a few have been. Heating by a fire with no water in it (or worse, just a little) gives such high temperatures that it weakens the cast iron and also pressurises it, leading to a violent explosion.

One fatal case is referred to. This turns out to be Christine Goodall of Twyning (65), on 11 November 2007. Her housing association landlords had decommissioned the back boiler in 1999, saying the fire was still usable, and it was - unusually - possible to find the plumbers involved (company and individual).

There have been similar, if not fatal, incidents since; perhaps they are now as common as the related problem of frozen pipes. That killed Katherine Bates (84) on 20th December 2010 in Mansfield. That was too late to be behind ellendune's comment, but I imagine such events were (like back boilers) more common in the past. I think a reminder to the public on that might be timely - if gas prices do keep rising, the temptation to burn whatever is to hand in an old open fire may become more common.

Back boilers are relevant to the immersion heater issue, since indirect vented systems originally had back boilers as a heat source, and electricity for the summer. You can't control an open fire with a thermostat, nor even the water flow as it has to always cool the boiler. And of course the header tank was made of galvanised steel (which quickly became rusty, from my experience).

I checked with a plumbing text book (a basic one for apprentices), and it says the overflow pipe is present for two reasons: firstly to ensure the system is at atmospheric pressure (it should say "when the feed to the hot tank is closed", but does not), and to let air escape on filling; and "more rarely in the event of the water becoming overheated, allows it to discharge over the cistern". That overheating would be very rare with indirect heating, but pretty common with direct heating - it just needs a rather big fire to be set.

Changing to big gas boilers with gravity indirect water heating, then fully pumped systems, with thermostatic control removes the routine overheating and allows a plastic cistern to be used. But then practices (and standards, regulation etc.) have to catch up. The requirement for those plastic cisterns to hold boiling water indefinitely (well, 500 hours is three weeks, isn't it?) only came in in 1991. (Mine was a lot older!)

I can only find one similar HSE guidance note outside the "safety at work" field. That is about the carbon monoxide poisoning risk in stores for wood pellets. That is not at all obvious, is it? Yet the note said in 2012 that there had been at least nine deaths in Europe since 2002.

The point is that cutting wood exposes organic substances to the air, and some of those self-oxidise, and some those can do so partially and yield CO. Sawdust is worst, small wood particles next, and pellets made by compressing those will show also show the effect. All it needs then is a large enough quantity, and a nearly sealed store, kept closed until someone needs to go inside...
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